Periodontal disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults today. It is an inflammation of the periodontium, which can develop from the inflammation of the gum (gingivitis).
How does it develop?
In our mouth live more than 500 different types of bacteria. Most of them are harmless and are responsible for maintaining oral health. Also, there are periodonto-pathogenic germs, which are responsible for the development and progression of periodontal disease. Together with leftovers and other organic and mineral substances, they form the plaque on the teeth.
If the plaque is not carefully removed, especially at the gum line, it hardens under the influence of the saliva to tartar. The result includes inflammation of the gums, bleeding gums and the formation of periodontal pockets because the gums increasingly detach from the dental hard tissue.
The periodontal pockets that are formed tend to provide ideal living conditions for bacteria proliferation. As a result, the connective and bone tissue surrounding the tooth is increasingly destroyed by the bacteria, which eventually cause tooth loss.
The periodontal disease begins slowly and gradually, usually without pain and is therefore often not noticed. Therefore, be aware of the first warning signs that may indicate the presence of the disease:
- Bleeding gums while brushing your teeth
- Red, swollen and sensitive gums
- Loose teeth
To prevent spread and tooth loss, early detection is crucial for the success of your treatment.
Periodontal disease can cause the teeth to lose grip. But not only that: it is also essential for your overall health to recognize and treat the disease at an early stage. Because the periodontal bacteria spread from the mouth through the bloodstream in the body, they can also lead to inflammation in other areas of the body and promote the occurrence of severe general conditions.
If periodontal disease left untreated, it could harm the heart and the chance of a heart attack or stroke increases significantly. The risk of premature birth is also increased in periodontitis.
The best protection against gum disease and periodontitis are consistent oral hygiene and regular prophylactic measures. Scientific studies show that patients who regularly have a Professional Dental Cleaning are less likely to develop gum diseases. New treatment methods have also made periodontitis therapy much safer and gentler today than in the past.